This steady state is called an equilibrium. glycerol. Describe how metabolism during the postabsorptive state is regulated. 51. Carbohydrates - Simple sugars are sent to the liver where they are converted to glucose.The glucose then travels to the blood or is converted to glycogen and fat (triglyceride). The energy from ATP drives all bodily functions, such as contracting muscles, maintaining the electrical potential of nerve cells, and absorbing food in the gastrointestinal tract. In the postabsorptive state, more than half of the total energy production is generated via oxidation of fat, of which there are plentiful stores (see Table 10-1). 16. 20. Describe the reactions of the postabsorptive state. Glycolysis is best defined as a catabolic reaction based upon the _____. For plenty of reactions, however, the forward reaction is so favored, and the reverse reaction is so negligible, that reactions are written simply in terms of the solid forward arrow, $\text{A}\rightarrow \text{B}$. That last statement is a lot like the description of energetics on the previous page. 19. During the postabsorptive state, metabolism shifts to favor catabolic reactions. All of the following occur during the ____ state, glycogen is broken down into glucose and gluconeogenesis occur in the liver. Most glucose that enters hepatocytes is converted to glycogen. Related videos . The latter depends, among other things, on the activities of the involved substances. Duration: 01:00. NUTRITION. 1.- Anabolic reactions are those that combine smaller compound to build larger compounds. Which Of These Is NOT A Reversible Reaction? During that time, it makes sense to derive your energy from the food that you are eating. When there is a reaction between the acid and base compounds, the end product is always neutral as the acid and base neutralize each others effect. The Concept of Chemical Equilibrium. 41 During the postabsorptive or fasting state catabolic reactions break down. Question options: glucagon. Insulin is the principal regulator that determines the metabolic mix of fuels in the basal state. A post-absorptive state differs from an absorptive state. 17. ; Kreb’s cycle: The Kreb’s cycle is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to generate energy through the oxidization of acetate derived from carbohydrates, fats and proteins into carbon dioxide. 18. Acids and bases make a very important part of chemistry. Regulation of Metabolism During the Postabsorptive State a. Get 1:1 help now from expert Biology … Key Terms. Discuss the importance of minerals in the body. glycerol. D) absorption of glucose from the GI tract. Excess amino acids and dietary fat are also converted to triglycerides and stored. Definition. The position of equilibrium of a reversible reaction can be altered by changing the reaction conditions. QUESTION During the absorptive state, the favored reactions are ANSWER A.) absorptive: Term. what happens in both short and long term fasting? A reaction is favored if the enthalpy of the system decreases over the reaction. However, we will now consider forward/reverse reaction pairs that exist in chemical equilibrium with one another. Homework Help. This phenomenon is due largely to greater lipid and lower carbohydrate availability, as plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations rise in response to lower insulin and higher counter-regulatory hormone concentrations. Any excess is stored for later fasting stages. During this state glucose is the most important energy fuel. Absorptiveand+Postabsorptive+StatesinaNutshell" Absorptive+State" As"stated"in"class,"following"ameal"carbohydrates"are"broken"down"to"simple"sugars"by"various" During the post-absorptive state, glycogen stored in the liver is broken down to glucose, which is liberated into the blood. Discuss the seven guidelines for healthy eating. After a meal, dietary amino acids enter the plasma, replenish the tissues and are metabolized during fasting. This problem has been solved! This problem has been solved! Topics: Anatomy & Physiology, Digestive. Absorptive state is the period in which the gastrointestinal tract is full and the anabolic processes exceed catabolism.The fuel used for this process is glucose.. Nutrient processing in the absorptive state. Any excess is stored for later fasting stages. Definition. Which of the following statement is correct regarding the anabolic reactions that occur during the absorptive state? Which of the choices below describes the pathway of cellular respiration (the complete oxidation of glucose)? Starvation states happen very rarely in generally well-nourished individuals. The hormones that stimulate metabolism in the postabsorptive state sometimes are called anti-insulin hormones because they counter the insulin effects that dominate the absorptive state. Select One: A. Glycogenesis; Gluconeogenesis B. Gluconeogenesis; Glycolysis C. Glycogenolysis; Gluconeogenesis X D. Glycolysis; Glycogenesis E. Gluconeogenesis; Glycogenesis 31. See the answer. There are two metabolic states defined as, 'Absorptive,' and, 'Post-absorptive,' which are defined by the time that has elapsed since the person has taken in food and the changes in their body's energy processing. An acid is a compound which gives H + ions when dissolved in water whereas a base is a compound which gives OH – ions in water. a blend of anabolic and catabolic. If a system undergoes a reaction and gives off energy, its own energy content decreases. Digestion. Expert Answer 88% (8 ratings) Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg. exergonic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases free energy. Question: During The Post-absorptive State (i.e. b. postabsorptive: Term. These nutrients are used to meet the immediate energy needs of the body. As the reaction runs forward, the reactants are gradually depleted while the products start to accumulate, so the forward reaction slows down while the reverse reaction speeds up. 02:19 02:19. Through a series of processes, glucose is ultimately released into the bloodstream by the liver in order to maintain normal blood glucose levels. The, 'Absorptive,' state lasts around four hours both during and after a person has eaten a meal. When the body is in an absorptive state, glucose is readily … 2. glyceraldehyde. Published: 11/26/2015. Distinguish between water soluble and lipid soluble vitamins. In the fed state, when you are eating, insulin levels are high. 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